Environment > Water management


Water is vital, which is why we are concerned about protecting and restoring ecosystems related to this important natural resource.

Comprehensive Water Care and Sustainability in the Environment Program (Colombia)

Regulations in Colombia determine that projects that take water from natural sources must invest at least 1% of the total cost of the project in activities for the preservation and conservation of water resources. Within this framework, we have designed and implemented a “Comprehensive Water Care Program” in the Llanos 34 block, in Casanare, which includes processes and actions that go beyond what is required by the Colombian legal framework. Program components:

1.In 2019 we made an agreement with the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (IDEAM) to establish a network of hydro-meteorological stations and the construction of a regional center for the reception of hydro climatological information from these stations, satellite information through GOES-14 and data provided by a climatological radar strategically located in Colombia’s Orinoco basin.

The following benefits resulting from the agreement stand out: a) climate information and predictions that contribute to decision-making in the fields of public health, risk management, agriculture, fishing, water management, tourism, transport and energy; b) technical information to make predictions that contribute to the reduction of disaster risks, also offering communities early warnings of floods, droughts, sudden upwards or downwards temperature changes, and other climatic phenomena, so that they can prepare and protect themselves from the effects, and c) information for decision-making in the fields of food, health, and water management, which contributes to reducing disaster risks and alleviating poverty and hunger for communities.

2.Optimization model in water catchment: since 2014 catchment from surface sources has progressively decreased until reaching a catchment of zero (0) barrels for the month of December 2017. Through the implementation of a reverse osmosis system (RO) for the treatment of domestic wastewater and industrial wastewater, the model has allowed the recovery of almost 94% of the total treated water for reuse in preparing new drilling sludge and in dust suppression on unpaved roads.

Water catchment

Lateral borrow
Total volume of
water used
(The sum of the above
three sources)
* Water used in Brazil is bought.

Water recycling

As part of GeoPark’s commitment to water usage we take care of water and do not waste it, and we give high importance to processes that recycle water. Water recycling has been possible through the implementation of three reverse osmosis plants in the Llanos 34 block for treating domestic wastewater and industrial wastewater.


Total volume of recycled
and reused water
Percentage of recovered
water that is reused

The percentage of extracted water reused decreased in 2019 compared to 2018, due to the absence of dust suppression on roads due to road paving works in the Llanos 34 block. Therefore in 2019, the volume of extracted water was reused only in drilling activities

Water footprint - Colombia

In our operations in Colombia, we have calibrated and certified flow meters, installed in each of the sources of water catchment (on the surface: rivers, streams, lateral borrow areas; or underground: deep wells). We measure the water consumption daily at each site, with all registered sources, and record the consumption at all Company activities. The defined scope for the calculation of our water footprint is the concept of the blue water footprint, which refers to the consumption of blue water resources (surface or underground fresh water) in all the crude oil production chain. This is how we have included catchment from the river Tua (surface source, lateral borrow areas and underground wells).

The value of the water footprint in Colombia in 2019 was 9.53 (liters of water captured / barrels produced), a 57.7% percentage fall from 2014 to 2019 despite our greater exploration and production activities.


At GeoPark, we pay special attention to preventing oil spills. During 2019, our total corporate indicator was 1.08 barrels of oil spilled per million barrels produced, which, although it increased compared to 2018 (0.13), is still lower than the proposed goal of 2.00. The increase in 2019 was due to an incident in Chile in which the indicator was 112.69. In Colombia, 0.07 barrels of crude oil were spilled per million barrels produced.